Art Nouveau

Art Nouveau was a large artistic movement at the turn of the 20th Century influencing art, style and architecture.

The son of a coppersmith, Antonio Gaudi was born in Reus, Spain in 1852. He studied at the Escola Superior d'Arquitectura in Barcelona and designed his first major commission for the Casa Vincens in Barcelona using a Gothic Revival style that set a precedent for his future work. Over the course of his career, Gaudi developed a sensuous, curving, almost surreal design style which established him as the innovative leader of the Spanish Art Nouveau movement.

With little regard for formal order, he juxtaposed unrelated systems and altered established visual order. Gaudi's characteristically warped form of Gothic architecture drew admiration from other avant-garde artists. Although categorized with the Art Nouveau, Gaudi created an entirely original style. He died in Barcelona in 1926.

Charles Rennie Mackintosh, a scottish architect and designer, is considered the founder of Art Nouveau in the United Kindgom. He was greatly inspired by Japanese design because of its "restraint and economy of means rather than ostentatious accumulation; its simple forms and natural materials rather than elaboration and artifice; the use of texture and light and shadow rather than pattern and ornament."

Mackintosh married Margaret and her younger sister Frances  married J Herbert draughtsman practice of John Honetman. The four, as they were close knit socially and artisticlly produced work that the public criticised.

Margaret Macdonald Mackintosh, whose work is well-known in its own right not only developed a unique style of gesso work, but was also an accomplished and highly imaginative artist in the field of repousse metal work.

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