Bauhaus

The history of Bahaus, a school of fine art and design in Germany from 1919 to 1933.

The Bauhaus School was Germany's most important and most avant-garde art and design school. In existence from 1919 - 1933, many of its teachers eventually found a new home in the USA, when the Nazi's forced the school to close. Radically breaking with the past, the Bauhaus Masters and their students ushered in our modern times.

Instructors included Johannes Itten, Lyonel Feininger and Gerhard Marcks and were later joined by Oskar Schlemmer, Paul Klee, Josef Albers and Wassily Kandinsky.

WALTER GROPIUS

Walter Gropius was born in Berlin in 1883. The son of an architect.After serving in the war, Gropius became involved with several groups of radical artists. he was elected chairman of the Working Council for Art and a month later was appointed Director of the Bauhaus.

WASSILY KANDINSKY

Wassily Kandinsky was one of the most original and influential artists of the twentieth-century. He was the first abstract painter. He didn't like to paint exact, he liked to paint his physical response.

JOSEF ALBERS

An elementary school teacher for twelve years, and an instructor at the Bauhaus from 1923 until 1933, Josef Albers was one of the most influential artist-educators to immigrate to the United States during the 1930s. Albers was convinced that students needed to develop an understanding of "the static and dynamic properties of materials. His students made constructions with wire netting, matchboxes, phonograph needles, razor blades, and other unusual materials. They also visited workshops where craftsmen worked daily with the structural and behavioral characteristics of industrial and natural materials.

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