French Renaissance

Henry IV was the ruler of France from 1589-1610. Henry was a great appreciator of magnificent interiors. He brought Protestant artisans to France and because of this there was much spectacular art and architecture brought about during this time.

Henry IV was the ruler of France from 1589-1610. He was married to Marie de Medici. Henry was a great appreciator of magnificent interiors. He brought Protestant artisans to France and kept them there until they fled when Edict was revoked by Louis XIV. Because of this there was much spectacular art and architecture brought about during this time. There were other important men at this time such as Fancis the first who was the father of the French Renaissance. Francis the first was not very successful in war but was noted for art. He worked with great artists such as da Vinci and Cellini from Italy. He had numerous Chatuaux. Some of them were Chambered and Fontainebleau.

There were many great Chateaux built during this time some of the more notable ones are; Loire Valley Chateaux, Chambered, with the famous double staircase and magnificent chimneys done by da Vinci, The Fontainebleau, famous for the horseshoe shaped staircase, and Château de Chenonceau that was built over a river. These chateauxs have a gothic feel to them as the change from Gothic to Renaissance was gradual but eventually the Gothic arches became more rounded and other changes began to take place. At this time Midieval elements were apparent as well. They have towers, turrets and moats as well as sculptured chimneys, great halls were replaced with formal rooms.

At this time you are likely to see the motif of the salamander or the letter F. These are both a representation of Francis the First. It became very popular from here on out as the important rulers were recognized in the architecture and even in the small ornamentation of furniture. The furniture in this time becomes very massive and ornamented with gold trims and fringe. Legs on the pieces were either turned with spiral baluster or the Flemish scroll. The fire places had huge, highly carved mantels with towering hoods. There slowly became more and more furniture where in the past furniture was very scarce.

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