Italian Renissance

The Italian Renaissance began in Florence and was a rebirth of artistic activity. The architecture resembled that of ancient Greece and Rome. It was a time of beautiful buildings and outstanding art.

The Italian Renaissance began in Florence and was a rebirth of artistic activity. The architecture resembled that of ancient Greece and Rome. Even the Villa Capra or La Rotunda (at right) very closely resembles the Pantheon. It was a time of beautiful buildings and outstanding art. Italian craftsmen were in great demand. The printing press allowed the people to become educated. There were two classes of people, you were either part of the wealthy or you were a peasant. The Early Renaissance was similar to the Middle Ages, the Late Renaissance is the classical and most beautiful, and the last was very highly ornamented and very overdone.

There were some very important people that lived in this time. One was Andrea Palladio, who influenced architecture for 300 years. He rediscovered the formulated classical principles of proportions and order. Andrea worked on working drawings instead of on site. Another very famous artist of this time was Michelangelo. He was very skilled as a painter, sculpture and architect. He created the art on the ceiling of the Sistine chapel, he also did sculptures such as the David and the La Pieta. He was the architect for the Villa Coppery. Earlier the colors for this time were thought to be dark because of the paintings. When the paintings were cleaned it was discovered that in actuality the colors were very bright. Their was some new styles of chairs that came about in this time, one being the first upholstered chair called the Sedia. Some others were the sgabello, the Dante and the Savonarola. A new arch was used in the Italian Renaissance. This style was an attempt at redoing an old style but it is never done as well as the first time.

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