Louis XV

Louis XV and Madame de Pompadour helped to a establish a new style that developed into what is now called Rococo which is a combination of the word rockeries and cockleshells.

Louis the XV was the great grandson of Louis the XIV and was very different from his great grandfather. He became king when he was only five years old. Lois the XV was a political failure, and because of lackadaisical leadership it was a time of frivolity and luxury devoted to pleasure. He married at age 15 to Mary Leczinska who gave him 10 children in 12 years. He had 50 official mistresses but his favorite was Madame de Pompadour.

Madame de Pompadour was an educated, cultured and refined woman who became key to French taste. This is the first period that has been influenced by a woman. She loved to play peasant with her friends. This influenced as new kind of pattern in textiles called Toile de Jouy. She loved pastel colors and fabrics became very feminine. Me de Pompadour even influenced the size of furniture. The furniture became lighter and more graceful. Curvilinear lines and shell motifs were also used. The cabriole leg without stretchers were used in this furniture. This new style developed into what is now called Rococo which is a combination of the word rockeries and cockleshells.

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